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复试干货 | 英语口语复试我们该如何准备?自我介绍包括什么内容?

2021-03-25 17:25:57 阅读:(太奇教育南宁分校

考研复试中,英语口语面试基本上是所有院校都会在复试中设置的。虽然这个科目的分数占比不大,但这也是能够让导师了解你的途径。

可能大家一提到英语口语面试,心理就会开始慌张,并且不自信,但如果同学们在复试之前做好充足的准备,把导师可能提到的问题提前写好并熟记,是可以得到一个不错的分数。

本文的主要内容包括英语口语考察的题型、口语自我介绍的关键点、英语口语自我介绍的注意事项以及英语口语常考话题这四部分内容。



NO.1

英语口语考察的七种题型

英语口语考察的题型大致可以分为七种,分别为自我介绍、常考话题、小组讨论、看图评论、抽题演讲、朗读翻译、录音材料问答


自我介绍

  • 考察说明:2分钟内

  • 考察核心:一般包括姓名、年龄、籍贯、毕业学校、学习或工作经历、性格特征、个人喜好、考研动机和目的等。

常考话题

  • 考察说明:从自我介绍中进行引申

  • 考察核心:如个人基本情况:家庭情况、个人性格、学习实践经历、未来规划、科研经历、毕业论文、对院校专业的理解等。

小组讨论

  • 考察说明:两人或多人一组

  • 考察核心:给定题目进行讨论,话题常为社会热点或与专业相关的问题。

看图评论

  • 考察说明:对单图或组图发表评论

  • 考察核心:类似于英语(一)的图画作文,对单图或组图所承载的内容发表评论。注意不要只局限于简单地描述图片内容,还要表达自己对图画内容的观点或看法。

抽题演讲

  • 考察说明:就题目演讲

  • 考察核心:给定题目,抽到题目后在规定的时间内进行准备,然后开始演讲。相当一部分题目涉及时事热点问题。

朗读翻译


  • 考察说明:抽取或给定文章朗读

  • 考察核心:

  • 1)院校某位导师文献中的某一片段

    2)某篇英文著作中的截取部分

    3)某位领导人的演讲等


    接着就文章内容回答问题或者用汉语简要说出大意或写出中文


录音材料问答

  • 考察说明:听力与口语均进行考核

  • 考察核心:要求考生听段录音材料后,根据录音内容作答,除此之外,还有人机对话等题型。



NO.2

口语自我介绍的关键点

无论在什么面试当中,自我介绍都是面试官了解你的重要的途径,英语口语的自我介绍也不例外。口语自我介绍的目的是让面试官能够对自己的个人情况以及表达能力进行一次大致的了解,并进一步就自我介绍的相关内容进行延展、引申,询问考生的其他个人情况。对于英文自我介绍,不建议过长,最好在两分钟之内。

考研复试的英语口语自我介绍一般包括8个关键点:1.开头语;2.基本信息;3.学业学术情况;4.实践实习情况及工作经历;5.考生规划及读研展望;6.考生的性格和能力;7.考生的兴趣和爱好;8.结束语。同学们在介绍的时候要根据自己的实际情况有所侧重。


(一)开头语

开头语比较简单,一般就是一个简单的问候和寒暄。其中要特别注意与面试老师打招呼。

如:Good morning, dear distinguished professors!

Dear professors, I am very glad to be here for this interview.

Dear professors, I feel so glad/ pleased to meet all of you here.

(二)基本信息

考生的基本信息包括姓名、毕业院校所学专业。这部分信息不是自我介绍的重点,因此,这部分内容按部就班地介绍就可以了。

如:I am Li Ming. You can call me Jacky if you'd like to. I am from Chang' an University majoring in Electronic Science and Technology.

(三)学业学术情况

在这里需要有侧重地将自己大学期间的个人专业成绩、资格证书考试、自学情况(如:利用课余时间自学考取xx大学第二学位证书)、参与过的课题( projects)、发表过的论文( theses)及系列相关的科研活动( researches)等能体现自己学术实力的方面有层次地展现出来,注意要体现数据化的表达形式。在这部分,考官最感兴趣的是你的科研情况,如:做过的课题、发表过的论文,在这部分考官可能会问的题目有: 

1) Why do you choose this major to further your study?

2) What kind of certificates have you got?

3) What are your views on the prospect of this major? What is the biggest challenge?

4) Talk about your theses.

5) Have you ever done any projects about your major?

6) What is the biggest difficulty you have met? How did you solve it?

(四)实践实习情况及工作经历

如果是应届生,面试官更喜欢问实习情况,对于那些在职考生或有工作经验的考生来说,面试官更愿意了解他们为什么(放弃工作)重新学习。考生可以直言在工作中发现某些知识或技能很重要,希望能通过学习而有所提高( In my work, I found..is rather important. I always believe that one will easily lag behind unless he keeps on learning. So I choose to go back to school and improve myself. )。

想要把这部分内容准备好,考生还可以尝试回答以下三个问题:

1) What do you do for a living?

2) Please tell me a little about your working experience.

3) What have you learned form the jobs you have held?

(五)考生规划及读研展望

关于读研展望,考生可以结合自己的报考意愿,尤其是对报考专业的喜爱进行具体的描述。可以在自我介绍中展现自己对未来的规划,其目的在于向面试官展示自己对时间、学习、人生都有一定的规划和掌控能力。面试官很喜欢问这样的问题,他们很重视考生在研究生阶段的自我学习能力和自我驱动力。

对于这部分的回答可以这样展开:

1) The reason for my choice is that...

2) I am deeply impressed by the learning atmosphere of this university. I plan to concentrate on study and research in my professional field. And I hope I can form a systematic view of… and make a solid foundation for future profession after three years study here. After graduation, I would like to work as a... I hope that in five years after graduation, I can...

考生在此处可以考虑一下: Why do you choose to further your study?

(六)考生的性格和能力

考生可以着重强调自已的性格对所报考专业的积极作用。如果报考的是学术型的专业,可以说自己细心(careful, detail-oriented),条理分明( logical) ,踏实( steady,earnest)等;如果报考的是应用型更强一点的专业,可以说自己责任心强(have a strong sense of responsibility),诚实可靠( honest and dependable),做事效率高( efficient)。如果是有工作经验的,还可以重点强调一下自己的工作成绩,如:As the assistant of the General Manager of xx Company , I have helped to negotiate a $200, 000 deal for the corporation.

这部分面试官常问的问题有:

1) What's your greatest strength? 

2) What's your greatest weakness?  

3) Describe your strength and weakness.

(七)考生的兴趣和爱好

考生可以在这一部分列出些有关旅游运动、阅读或其他个人兴趣爱好的内容,但不建议过于冗长和哆嗦。考生在描述的时候最好是可以和报考专业进行联系,应该尽量体现这些兴趣爱好对自已在学习和生活上的帮助,而不是简单展示,同时避免提及那些可能会引起考官反感的话,如“don't have any hobbies" “playing computer games all the day"等。

(八)结束语

自我介绍结束的时候,请考生务必表达出对就读目标院校的强烈意愿,并给出一个明确的结束信号。例如:I would be very honored if you could grant me the opportunity to study in this university.

That's all about me. Thank you!


NO.3

英文自我介绍注意事项

在考研复试面试的时候,有两点需要考生特别注意:

1.在面试快结束的时候,考官一般都会问你有没有什么要问的。除非你是最后一个面试者,且明显感到所有考官都急切地想离开,一般不适合说“I don't have any questions”。可以尝试问考官一两个你关心的问题,如:

1)贵校可以提供哪些专业的实践平台?

What are the professional experience platforms that your school can provide?

2)能请老师推荐一门与我报考专业紧密相连的辅修专业吗?

Can you recommend a most relevant subject that I can minor?

最后可以说:Thank you for giving me the chance.

2.由于紧张,可能会出现没有听清楚问题的情况,这时千万不要不好意思承认。对于没有听清楚的问题一定要勇于承认,避免弄巧成拙。具体可参照以下表述: 

1) Sorry, I did not catch/follow your meaning. Pardon, please.

2) Let me put it another way. You mean that...

3) Well, let me see. I am not the expert on this,but I have heard quite a lot of such discussions from TV programs and other people's talking, so I think..

4) That's not exactly what ! I mean. /You know, that's what I think.

5) I'm not really sure. I'll have to check.

6) Um, this isn't easy to explain. /Hard to say, but I think I would have...

7) I can't tell you how sorry I am, but I really don't know. I will have to check.

8) I'm not exactly sure how to put this, and I am really sorry.

9) The point is...

10) Yes, that's true, but...



NO.4

口语常考话题概述

考官们的问题看似随机,但也有迹可循。按照问题的性质可以将复试英语口语问题分为个人基本情况类、报考动机及规划类、专业素质类和临场应变类。这四类问题的具体提问形式往往看起来很平常,但实际上都对应相应的要点,因此回答时需要技巧,请考生务必提前准备好!


常考口语话题展示


Personal information

  • Where do you come from?

  • What kind of landscape surrounds your hometown?

  • Could you tell me something about your family?

  • Can you tell me about your hometown?

  • What do you usually do in your spare time?

  • What are your hobbies?

  • Where have you been traveling to? Which place interested you most?

  • Can you talk about your university?

Motive /Plan

  • Why do you choose to further your study?

  • Why do you change your major?

  • Why do you choose our university?

  • Will you choose to get a PhD degree after you graduate?

  • What do you want to do after your study?

  • If there were an opportunity to study abroad, what would you do?

  • Do you have career plans for short term and long term?

  • Should you study more theories or do more practices? Give your reasons, please.

Major

  • Do you have some research experience?

  • Tell me something about your thesis.

  • What kind of certificates have you got?

  • Do you have any experience about your profession?

  • What is your major? How do you like your major?

  • Which is the best course in your school?

Flexibility

  • If you fail this time, what will you do in the near future?

  • Can you explain why you retake this course?

  • Have you ever heard about any bad news of our school?

  • What is the worst thing you have heard about our university?

  • Which professor in our school do you dislike most?